To follow on from our Ladder 101 series our next instalment is all about the basics of setting up your ladder, safely. We also have an infographic towards the bottom of this post that you can save to your phone or computer to refer to at a later date.
Extension ladder angle 70c - 75c
The one-in-four rule ensures you are placing your ladder at the correct angle. Any leaning ladder should be at a 75-degree angle, and the simplest way to achieve this is to have the ladder one unit out from a wall for every four units up.
Make sure spreader bar is locked into place
When using a stepladder always ensure that the locker bar is fully open and firmly locks into place, this is to ensure the stepladder does not collapse when in use.
Tie leaning ladders against a secure structure
As good practice leaning ladders should be tied to a secure structure when in use.
Use a strong upper resting point, for example, do not rest a ladder against weak upper surfaces (eg glazing or plastic gutters)
Avoid overhead power lines
Do not work within six metres horizontal to any kind of power lines, unless it has been made dead or protected with insulation. Any electrical work should be carried out with a non-conductive ladder made of fibreglass or timber.
Make sure the ladder in stable
Before climbing your ladder ensure that all feet are in contact with the ground. If you have to use a ladder on the slippy or uneven ground ensure stabilisers and anti-slip mats are being used
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